Archive for the ‘Misc.’ Category


Lines of Distinction

   Posted by: Billy Van   in Book Purchase Info, Books, General, Misc., News Reel, Short Stories


On a Quote . . .

   Posted by: Billy Van   in Books, Misc., Writing

“I have no faith in human perfectibility. I think that human exertion will have no appreciable effect upon humanity. Man is now only more active – not more happy – nor more wise, than he was 6000 years ago.”

– Edgar Allan Poe


Phenylethylamine (PEA) Information

   Posted by: Billy Van   in General, Misc.


Other Names: β-Phenethylamine, PEA


What is Phenylethylamine:

Phenylethylamine is an amine, consisting a benzene ring and an aminoethyl group. Phenylethylamine is a liquid at room temperature and it is soluble in water and alcohol. It is found in cocoa beans and chocolate. It is believed that phenylethylamine offers many benefits such as weight management, nervous system stimulation and digestion aid.

Phenylethylamine HCl (Phenylethylamine hydrochloride):

It is not a stable compound, it changes to a carbonate, upon exposure to air. When taken orally, phenethylamine is rapidly metabolized. Its half-life is only 5-10 minutes. [A2] Phenthylamine is a strong base, while gastric fluid is acidic, degradation may occur. A stable solid form of Phenylethylamine HCl available in market.

Phenylethylamine is known as an endogenous neuroamine, as the body’s natural amphetamine. [A1] Phenylethylamine is metabolized by MAO-A, MAO-B, aldehyde dehydrogenase, and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase. MAO inhibitors can substantially increase the concentration of phenylethylamine in the brain. [A2]

Phenylethylamine Chocolate / Phenylethylamine Love:

In the early 1980s, Michael Liebowitz, author of the popular 1983 book The Chemistry of Love, remarked to reporters that “chocolate is loaded with phenylethylamine.” However, the half-life of phenylethylamine is too short, and it is rapidly metabolized by MAO-B, preventing a significant rise of phenylethylamine level in the brain. [A2] Thus, euphoric results (if any) from eating chocolate may not related to phenylethylamine. Read the rest of this entry »